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Scientific and social journal
“SAMI SAUNJE” (three treasures)  №2(18), 2016
(in georgian)

SUMMARY

  • Tina Ivelashvili, Our Culture is Getting Destroyed
  • Anzor Totadze, General Results of 2014 Census in Georgia
  • Zurab Tsutskiridze, Harsh Lessons of History and Inattentive Students
  • Gulbaat Rtskhiladze, Georgians and the Russian Messianism
  • Natela Arveladze, Glory to Frail Caesar!
  • Mamuka Tsukhishvili, Mtskheta Convent of St. Catherine's (Olga)
  • Korneli Kekelidze, Georgian Contributions to the Byzantine Literature
  •  

    TINA IVELASHVILI
    OUR CULTURE IS GETTING DESTROYED

    For centuries Goergia's people and it's leaders havecared about protecting and strengthening it's moral principles, individualism, and national identity. Currently, a large-scale, targeted attack is taking place on Georgian national values, family UNITS and morality.  In this aspect, Georgian people have never faced such a threat of social degeneration as in the present time. The laws passed in recent years by Georgia's previous government are the gravest crimes commited against Georgian citizens. These laws are an zffront to Georgia. These laws are contrary to Georiga's national smirit, moral standards, national strength and independence. 
    Today, dissoluteness, amorality of soul and body are becoming commonplace. Moreover, foulness, corruption  and Absence of all values is evident more than ever. One of the most important prerequisites for the physical survival of the nation and the state is the correct understanding and comprehension of the historical past of the country. But if we neglect our traditional values, homeland?, patriotism, faith in THE future, interests of society, history, religion, and prioritize corporal pleasures, we will doom Georgia for destruction and obliteration.

    ANZOR TOTADZE
    GENERAL RESULTS OF 2014 CENSUS IN GEORGIA

    Georgia carried out A census from November 5th to November 19th, 2014.  The census was conducted on 82% of the entire territory of the country (57 thousand square kilometers.) The census did not include the occupied territories, in particular in Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region (total area of 13 thousand square kilometers). By November 5th, 2014, the population of Georgia was 3,713,804, which was 15% less (657 731) than the previous results of the census of 2002 (4,371,535). According to the results of 2014 census, the urban population was 2,122,623, and the rural population was 1,591,181. The Decline in population was noted mainly in rural areas. It amounted to 7.1%. According to the results of the census, 47.7% of the Georgian population were men, and 52.3% were women. Based on 2014 census results 86,8 percent were Georgians, 6,3 percent were Azerbaijanians, and 4,5 percent were Armenians. 83, 4 % of the population were Orthodox, 10.7 percent were Muslims, and 2.9 % were Apostolic>> <<Armenians. Also, 26.7% of the population were with higher education, 17.4% vocational education, 36.7% secondary education, 8.4 % intermediate education and  5.7% primary education.

     

    ZURAB TSUTSKIRIDZE
    HARSH LESSONS OF HISTORY AND INATTENTIVE STUDENTS

    In order to prevent a recurrence of the past events, Georgian people, especially on the eve of the parliamentary elections, should never forget the horrors that the nine-year rule of the "National Movement" caused. The author urges every reader to be sensitive and not to forget that history knows no mercy.

     

    GULBAAT RTSKHILADZE
    GEORGIANS AND THE RUSSIAN MESSIANISM

    The article reviews prophetic affirmations of one Byzantine church about the capture of Constantinople by Muslims and the restitution of Constantinople to its “original owners” by messianic "people of fair hair." Later the people are identified as Russians by medieval ecclesiastical writers like Pachomius the Serb. The author of the article researched the etymology of "Russians" and discovered that the oldest written evidence of this terminology belongs to the 14th-century scholars and copyists Ioane Tshopaishvili and Daniel Khambashuri in a context of the liberation of Constantinople from the Turks. Furthermore, the article quotes the 20th-century Russian historian Nikolay Ulyanov. He believes that the expression "Russians" was first introduced by the Georgian authors. Ulyanov basis his opinion on the French translation of the Georgian manuscripts made in the middle of the 19th century by an outstanding French orientalist Marie-Félicité Brosset. Thopiashvili-Khambashuri manuscripts are kept in St. Petersburg. The author considers quite sensational that the concept "Russians" is first recorded in Georgian. He thinks that the Russian messianic teachings on the liberation of Constantinople are at least indirectly associated with Georgia. He believes that the less known episode of history once again reflects the great historical and spiritual relationship between the Orthodox people, especially the Georgians and the Russians.

    NATELA ARVELADZE
    GLORY TO FRAIL CAESAR!

    The article is an art critic's evaluation Willliam Shakespeare's TRAGIC play, "Julius Caesar." The play was direted by a notes directir Robert Sturua and took place in Shota Rustaveli Theater. According to the author, one can neither accept or reject Robert Sturua's artistic presentation. However, it is undeniable that the play is a result of high-level, professional forethought. It is rich in associative flow and full of subtexts.  It is a pertinent and intellectual production.

     

    MAMUKA TSUKHISHVILI
    MTSKHETA CONVENT OF ST. CATHERINE'S (OLGA)

    The Saint Catherine Cathedral of Mtskheta was built as a monastery in the middle ages as the rival image of Mount Sinai. For centuries worship never stopped in this small Eden, located between two mountains.But, due to historical misfortune, the monastery was left unattended which caused its destruction. By the end of the 19th century, the monastery was discovered by a Russian Engineer Gornich by a lucky coincidence. He revived the old priory. Several years later his widow Olga Gornich and the first superior established the convent.
    Besides the St. Catherine Cathedral, there used to be a Ccathedral of the Assumption of the Virgin Mary and Martyr Marina. Currently, only the Cathedral of Virgin Mary is reconstructed and consecrated. Unfortunately, only fragments survived of St. Marina cathedral.
    Over the past 5-7 years, the cathedrals of the monastery were repaired with utmost diligent and embellished with icons. The monastery refectory, guest rooms, living quarters, the yard was renovated and it's beuty enhanced. Crosses with the names of the novices who served at deifferent times in th small Pantheon. Worship service in the cathedrals is conducted during patronal and all major holidays Particularly during the fast were goes on for 24 hours.

    KORNELI KEKELIDZE
    GEORGIAN CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE BYZANTINE LITERATURE

    The essay of a famous Georgian scientist K. Kekelildze ( 1879-1962) was first published in 1950, but it still has relevance. In it, the author argues that the Georgian translations preserved the Greek literature samples the originals of which have perished. Therefore, one may say that the Georgian sources fill the gaps in Greek-Bizantine literature history.  It is well known that at one time the Byzantine culture was considered the embodiment of world culture. In the middle ages, this culture played a vital role in the enrichment of not only the Near East but also the Christian culture of the Western Europe. European scientists try to diminish the value of this culture, but it is indisputable that it paved the way towards the revival of Europe and the renaissance. If we consider that the Georgian literature has any contributions to they Byzantine literature, then consequently, one should believe that it has aided the evolution of culture in Europe.