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Scientific and social journal
“SAMI SAUNJE” (three treasures)  №3(9), 2013
(in georgian)

SUMMARY

  • Grigol Rukhadze, New Totalitarian Sect
  • Gvantsa Koplatadze, Samtskhe-Javakheti Principality in the First Half of the 19th Century
  • Grani Kavtaria, Strategic Partnership or Vassalage Dependence
  • Mamuka Tsukhishvili, Petre Bagrationi
  • Boris Darchia, The Fight against Vajha Pshavela and Joseph Stalin
  • Nodar Lomouri, The Need to Restore Relations with Russia (Two Russias and Us)
  • Tina Ivelashvili, History of Exiled Muslims from Meskheti. Akhaltsikhe Province
  • Bondo Arveladze, There is a Georgian Church on Vertskhli Street
  • Teimuraz Panjikidze, Portentous Education Reform in Georgia
  • Rusudan Lokhishvili, The Role of Theatre in Society and Its Evaluation from the Perspective of the Church

  •  

    GRIGOL RUKHADZE
    NEW TOTALITARIAN SECT

    The article reviews the political and religious issues of modern Georgia. Special attention is drawn to the unhinged activities of sexual minorities and their inappropriate actions that have acquired a global character.

     

    GVANTSA KOPLATADZE
    SAMTSKHE-JAVAKHETI PRINCIPALITY IN
    THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY

    The reason for separating Samtskhe-Javakheti from the historical homeland of southern Georgia, and of its transformation into Akhaltsikhe province is partly due to the sins of their ancestors, their ambition and their treachery. In much known Treaty of King Erekle, according to which Kartli and Kakheti kingdoms became subjects of the Russian Orthodox Empire, one of the requests was to aid Georgia in regaining its lost territories.  The article presents evidence based on the analysis of historical facts that demonstrates the Russian Empire’s attempts to return the Samtskhe-Javakheti region to Georgia; however, just like in the past, ambition and high treason emerged this time as well. This harmed the country so severely that even nowadays Georgia is still paying for it.

     

    GRANI KAVTARIA
    STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP OR VASSALAGE DEPENDENCE

    Georgian chronicles stress the fact that at the dawn of the creationof Georgian state, all the Eristavis (dukes) agreed to submitonly to the strongestconquerors in order to maintain equality. Over the years, Georgia remained a follower of the will of the “powerful” (the only exception was the 12th century, the era of David the Builder and Queen Tamar). Our ancestors continuously waged bloody wars against the invaders.
    The heavy legacy of the past continues without any changes. Even today, our homeland is servicing the interests of the powerful and is obediently performing any “wise” instructions of the strategic (“powerful”) partners.
    The article implies that the widely advertised strategic partnership of "National Movement" is equivalent of the old Georgian “Kmadnapitsoba" (vassalage).

     

    MAMUKA TSUKHISHVILI
    PETRE BAGRATIONI

    Petre Bagrationi began his military life in the Russian army as a private and finished as a general and commander-in-chief. He immortalized his name by his heroic deeds and feats that only a few are capable of. First, he made a name for Georgians and Georgia, and then he demonstrated the power and invincibility of the Russian Empire to the world.

     

    BORIS DARCHIA
    THE FIGHT AGAINST VAJHA PSHAVELA AND JOSEPH STALIN

    The article rebuts the opinion that Vajha Pshavela got into a fight with a seminarian, Joseph Stalin and threw him down the stairs at “Iveria” Publishing House. This incident is believed to be the reason of the presumed hatred of Stalin against Vazha Pshavela. This incident is also blamed for the campaign carried out during 1951 and 1952 against Vazha Pshavela under the alleged direction of Joseph Stalin.

     

    NODAR LOMOURI
    THE NEED TO RESTORE RELATIONS WITH RUSSIA
    (TWO RUSSIAS AND US)

    Centuries-old history of Georgia was full of very complex contradictions of great successes and terrible defeats. The author believes that, from the 18th century, the guiding force of the most complicated problems was Georgia’s northern neighbor, Russia. The Georgian people have experienced many hardships, as well as memorable kindness from Russia. That is why there were “two” Russias.  “The First”, is a progressive Russia, respected by many generations.   “The Second”, is an aggressive Russia, completely unacceptable. Throughout the recent past, several generations of Georgian intelligentsia (intellectual elite) were closely connected with “The First” Russia. The purpose of this letter is to publicize specific facts about these relationships, particularly in the area where the author worked in Byzantinology and classical philology. These relationships have contributed to the development and promotion of these areas (as well as other areas of Georgian science) into the international arena. “The Second” Russia, has always manifested aggressiveness, which intensified particularly in the 1990s. The example of this was the actions in Abkhazia and so-called South Ossetia.  It needs to be mentioned that the support of “The First” Russia was still felt during these turbulent times. Its members (Anna Antonovskaya, Svetlana Chervonnaya etc.) objectively evaluated the processes taking place in Georgia. This fact helped Georgia to fend off attacks of “The Second” Russia until a certain time.

    Unfortunately, due to the terrible reforms of Saakashvili-Lomaia and particularly shameful war of August 2008, the country lost all contact with “The First” Russia and found itself facing "The Second” Russia. That has proved to be harmful for our nation. According to the author, one must be sensible and vigilant in order to objectively assess the existing anti-Georgian forces in Russia (Armenian, Turkish) and restore the relationship with “The First” Russia. Fortunately, the current government (led by Bidzina Ivanishvili) is already taking some steps in this direction.

     

    TINA IVELASHVILI
    HISTORY OF EXILED MUSLIMS FROM MESKHETI
    AKHALTSIKHE PROVINCE

    The problem of repatriation of the Muslim population of so-called “Meskhetian Turks” exiled in 1944 from Samtskhe-Javakheti and acceptance of their national identity has long worried the Georgian people. The opinions on this subject vary drastically. Depending on the political situation, this issue periodically emerges(possibly deliberately) as a controversy.Comparison and analysis of currently available written sources, special and general literature, documents, recently studied ethnographic materials finally provide an opportunity to determine who the “Meskhetian Turks” are.  In addition, it reveals who is benefiting from using this artificially created term and for what purpose.
    Muslimized population (Tarakams, Kurds, Turks, and later Georgian Muslims) mostly lived in Akhalkalaki and Akhaltsikhe provinces before the exile. Prior to 1940, religion and ethnic composition of the population of the Akhaltsikhe province (today's, Akhaltsikhe, Adigeni and part of Borjomi districts) was rather diverse.This area was inhabited by indigenous Christians and partly Islamized Georgians. They were later joined by sheltered Kurds, Turks, Armenians and Karapapaks. Calling them “Meskhetian Turks” has a specific purpose and the term is artificially spread in Georgian society.This type of action does not happen in any other country. One may wonder if various governmental, non-governmental and international agencies that have appeared in Georgia like  mushrooms after the rain, know about this fact. Or, maybe they know it but  under the influences of the governing forces of "the new order" and wholesome funding they deliberately destroy the national identity and integrity of the centuries old history of the Georgian nation.
    One should use the term “Muslimized Meskhetians” but never  “Meskhetian Turks” (the diverse tribal muslim population exiled from Samtskhe-Javakheti) to refer to the population of several million indigenous muslimized Georgians who are living on their historic territory (Tao-Klarjeti, Kola-Artaani, Shavsheti, Lazistan, etc.),currently Turkey.

     

    BONDO ARVELADZE
    THERE IS A GEORGIAN CHURCH ON VERTSKHLI STREET

    The author returns to the issue he previously addressed regarding Armenian scientist S. Karapetyan’s “New Remarks” .The author provides contradictory evidence disputing  S. Karapetyan’s statements.  The author maintains that St. Nilokoz the Wonderworker church on Vertskhli street, in Tbilisi has always been Georgian. 

     

    TEIMURAZ PANJIKIDZE
    PORTENTOUS EDUCATION REFORM IN GEORGIA

    The article provides an overview of the education reform undertaken by the government that came to power in Georgia under the name of “National Movement”. The author negatively assesses the actions carried out by the regime and suggests ways to correct these injustices. The article also includes considerations of a known ethicist Liliana Chinchaladze onhow to improve and advance the education system.

     

    RUSUDAN LOKHISHVILI
    THE ROLE OF THEATRE IN SOCIETY AND ITS EVALUATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE CHURCH

    The essay reveals a diverse relationship of theater and the church that existed during different periods of history. Theatre originated in the ancient era. Great thinkers have always given a considerable importance to the theater as a tool of moral evolution of a person. After the widespread dissemination of Christianity, only theater remained a supporter of paganism and only there, demonic rituals and orgies took place. This explains the negative attitude of the church towards the theater. The relationship between the church and theater became particularly acute during the intensification of heretical movements. In the 4th century, the aspiration towards theatrical shows was so extreme that people lived not actual, but artificial, imagined, behind the scenes theatrical lives. In the squares of the cities announcements like “Bread and Spectacle” could be heard. It is not surprising that the clergy took all measures against the separation of man from God. Therefore, Holly Fathers of the church welcomed the toughest laws against theatrical performances in order to prevent the moral corruption of mankind. But times have changed. Generations have grown in the bosom of Christianity, with Christian lifestyles. The nature of the theatrical performances has changed as well. For example, in the middle ages, theatre in Russia was so popular that auditoriums overflowed. Especially popular were the performances with religious themes. As for Georgia, theater originated in the 19th century by the patronage and promotion of Ilia Chavchavadze (Ilia Martali). Ilia made the following statement about the role of theater: “Stage speaks to the hearts and minds of men with live pictures; the influence that it holds over the human mind is more powerful than anything else. This power of theater is desirable and inspiring for the human senses and intellect.” Theater and cinema figures unanimously recognize that the true art should serve as the spiritual cleansing and ethical education of society.